Some important news from the Iruña-Veleia archaeological site have been published at EITb:
Analysis confirms dating of Iruña-Veleia Basque inscriptions
Analysis carried out by the research team confirms the unearthed inscriptions in the Basque language date from the third century AD.
Research carried out in several specialised labs confirmed Friday the authenticity of the inscriptions in Basque language unearthed at a Roman site near the Basque town of Vitoria-Gasteiz some months ago. According to this research work, the inscriptions in the Basque language date from the third century.
Basque linguists hailed the discovery at the time as extraordinarily important. Basque, or euskera to its speakers, is considered to be one of the oldest languages in Europe and scholars have long wondered whether it is derived from African, Caucasian or Etruscan tongues, or if it developed in isolation.
Until now, a text written by a monk in both Castillian Spanish and Basque had been the oldest written example of the language, dating from the year 1040. The new inscriptions, found at the Roman site of Iruña-Veleia, included the names of colours, verbs and references to God, Christianity and the Holy Family etched into bricks, bones and pieces of glass.
Among the words inscribed were the colours "urdin" (blue), "zuri" (white) and "gorri" (red), verbs "edan" (drink) "ian" (eat) and "lo" (sleep), the excavation team said.
Another piece read "Iesus, Ioshse ata ta Miriam ama" (Jesus, the father Joseph and the mother Mary) while another had the greeting "Geure ata zutan" (May the Father be with you). Archaeologists also found pictures depicting the life of Jesus, including what could be a Last Supper.
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